For the Honda TransAlp XL600V

Covers the years

  • 1987 & 1988 (V-H & V-J)
  • 1989 (V-K)
  • 1990 (V-L) available in Germany, unchanged from V-K model.
  • 1991 (V-M)
  • 1992 & 1993 (V-N & V-P), unchanged from V-M, just colour changes.
  • 1994 & 1995 (V-R)
  • 1996 (V-T)
  • 1997 (V-V)
  • 1998 & 1999 (V-W & V-X), unchanged from V-V, just colour changes.

Dimensions

  • Length: 2260 mm to 2270 mm (89.0 to 89.4 in)
  • Width:
    • 865 mm (34.0 in) V-H to V-P
    • 905 mm (35.6 in) V-R to V-X
  • Height:
    • 1280 mm (50.4 in) V-H & V-J
    • 1310 mm (51.6 in) V-K to V-P
    • 1300 mm (51.2 in) V-R to V-X
  • Wheelbase: 1505 mm (59.3 in) All models
  • Seat height: 850 mm (33.5 in) All models
  • Ground clearance (without centrestand):
    • 225 mm (8.9 in) V-H & V-J
    • 200 mm (7.9 in) V-K & V-L
    • 195 mm (7.7 in) V-M to V-X
  • Dry weight:
    • 175.0 kg (386 lbs) V-H to V-L
    • 183.0 kg (404 lbs) V-M to V-R
    • 189.0 kg (417 lbs) V-T to V-X
  • Kerb weight:
    • 194.0 kg (428 lbs) V-H to V-L
    • 202.0 kg (445 lbs) V-M to V-X

Frame

  • Frame type: Single downtube with double loop cradle of rectangular section.
  • Front suspension: Telescopic fork
  • Front wheel travel: 200 mm (7.9 in)
  • Rear suspension: Swingarm
  • Rear wheel travel: 187 mm (7.4 in)
  • Front tyre size: 90/90-21 54S
  • Rear tyre size: 120/90-17 64S
  • Front brake:
    • V-H to V-T: Hydraulic single disc 276 mm (10.9 in), twin piston sliding caliper
    • V-V to V-X: Hydraulic twin discs 276 mm (10.9 in), twin piston sliding caliper
  • Rear brake:
    • V-H to V-L: Single leading shoe drum 130 mm (5.1 in)
    • Rest: Hydraulic single disc 240 mm (9.4 in) single piston sliding caliper
  • Caster angle: ?º ?’
  • Trail length: ? mm (? in)
  • Fuel tank capacity: 18.0 litres (3.96 Imp Gal)

Engine

  • Type: Petrol, liquid cooled 4-stroke SOHC 52º V-twin, 3 valves per cylinder
  • Power: 50.00 HP (36.5 kW) @ 8000 RPM
  • Top Speed: 167.0 km/h (103.8 mph)
  • Bore and Stroke: 75.0 x 66.0 mm (2.95 x 2.6 in)
  • Displacement: 583 cm³ (35.6 in³)
  • Compression Ratio: 9.2:1
  • Valve train: 3-valve, single chain driven SOHC
  • Intake valve opens: ? degrees BTDC
  • Intake valve closes: ? degrees ABDC
  • Exhaust valve opens: ? degrees BBDC
  • Exhaust Valve closes: ? degrees ATDC
  • Lubrication system: Forced pressure with wet sump
  • Oil pump type: Trochoid/double rotor
  • Cooling system: Liquid cooled

Cylinder Head / Valves

  • Valve clearances, V-H model only:
    • Inlet: 0.10 mm (4 thou)
    • Exhaust: 0.10 mm (4 thou)
  • Valve clearances, all other models:
    • Inlet: 0.13 to 0.17 mm (5 thou to 7 thou)
    • Exhaust: 0.18 to 0.22 mm (7 thou to 9 thou)

Clutch

  • Clutch lever free play: 10 – 20 mm (0.4 to 0.8 in)
  • Clutch spring free length: 39.0 mm (1.54 in), service limit: 37.4 mm (1.47 in)
  • Clutch disc thickness:
    • A (6 Discs): 2.92 to 3.08 mm (0.115 to 0.121 in). Service limit: 2.60 mm (0.102 in)
    • B (1 Disc): 2.92 to 3.08 mm (0.115 – 0.121 in). Service limit: 2.60 mm (0.102 in)
  • Clutch plain plate warpage service limit: 0.30 mm (0.012 in)

Carburettors

  • Carburettors type: 2 x Keihin CV
  • Throttle bore: 34 mm (1.34 in)

Drive Train

  • Clutch system: Wet multi-plate, cable operated
  • Transmission: Constant mesh, 5 speeds
  • Primary reduction: 1.736, all models
  • Final reduction: 3.133, all models
  • Gear-shift pattern: Left operated return system 1 - N - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5

Gear ratios V-H to V-R models

  • 1st: 2.571
  • 2nd: 1.777
  • 3rd: 1.380
  • 4th: 1.125
  • 5th: 0.961

Gear ratios V-T to V-X models

  • 1st: 2.500
  • 2nd: 1.722
  • 3rd: 1.333
  • 4th: 1.111
  • 5th: 0.961

Lubrication System

Engine oil capacity

  • at draining 2.10 litres (1.80 Imp qt, 2.2 US qt)
  • at disassembly 2.90 litres (2.60 Imp qt, 3.1 US qt)
  • at filter change 2.30 litres (2.0 Imp qt, 2.4 US qt)
  • Recommended engine oil: Honda 4-stroke oil or equivalent motor oil. API service classification: SE, SF or SG Viscosity.

Oil pump rotor

  • Tip clearance: 0.15 mm (6 thou)
  • Body clearance: 0.15 mm to 0.22 mm (6 thou to 9 thou)
  • Rotor end float: 0.02 mm to 0.07 mm (0.8 thou to 3 thou)

Fuel System

  • Main jet:

    • V-H to V-R – front cylinder 128
    • V-H to V-R – rear cylinder 130

    • V-T – front cylinder 118

    • V-T – rear cylinder 120

    • V-V to V-X – front cylinder 115

    • V-V to V-X – rear cylinder 118

  • Pilot jet: 38

  • Pilot screw setting (turns out):

    • V-H & V-J models: 2½
    • V-K to V-P models: 2¼
    • V-R to V-T models: 1¾
    • V-V to V-X models: 2¼
  • Float height: 7.0 mm

  • Idle speed: 1300 ± 100 RPM

  • Throttle grip free play: 2.0 – 6.0 mm (1/16 - 1/4 in)

Cooling System

  • Coolant capacity: Approximately 2.0 litres.
  • Radiator cap opening pressure: 0.9 to 1.25 bar (13 to 18 psi)
  • Thermostat:
    • Opening temperature: 80º to 84º C (176º to 183º F)
    • Fully open: 95º C (203º F)
    • Valve lift: 8.0 mm (0.3 in) minimum
    • Standard coolant concentration: 50% mixture with soft water

Front Wheel / Suspension / Steering

  • Cold tyre pressure:
    • 2.0 bar (29psi), Rider only
    • 2.0 bar (29psi), Rider and pillion
  • Fork spring free length:
    • 571.5 mm (22.5 in). Service limit: 565.5 mm (22.26 in), V-H to V-R
    • 612.0 mm (24.1 in). Service limit: 605.5 mm (23.84 in), V-T to V-X
  • Fork tube runout service limit: 0.20 mm (8 thou)
  • Fork oil type: 5 W fork oil
  • Fork oil level: 125 mm (4.92 in)
  • Fork oil capacity: 549 cc

Rear Wheel / Suspension

  • Cold tyre pressure:
    • 2.0 bar (29psi), Rider only
    • 2.25 bar (32psi), Rider and pillion
  • Shock absorber spring free length:
    • 259.5 mm (10.2 in), service limit 256.5 mm (10.1 in) V-H & V-J
    • 268.5 mm (10.6 in), service limit 265.5 mm (10.5 in) V-K to V-X
  • Drive chain slack: 35 to 45 mm (1.4 to 1.8 in)
  • Drive chain:
    • DID 525V8-LE or RK 525SMO-LE - 118 links, V-H to V-R
    • DID 525HV8 or RK 525SMOZ5 - 118 links, V-T to V-W
    • DID 525H-LJF4 or RK 525SMZ5-JFZ - 120 links, V-X

Brakes

  • Specified Brake Fluid: Dot 4
  • Brakes V-H to V-L models:
    • Front disc thickness: 4.5 mm (0.18 in). Service limit: 3.5 mm (0.14 in).
    • Rear drum internal diameter: 130 mm (5.12 in), service limit: 131 mm (5.16 in).
  • Brake discs V-M to V-X models:
    • Disc thickness (front and rear): 4.8 to 5.2 mm (0.19 to 0.20 in). Service limit: 4.0 mm (0.16 in).
  • Disc maximum run-out: 0.30 mm (12 thou)

Electrical

  • Ignition System:
    • [CDI][] with electronic advance V-H to V-R models,
    • Digital with electronic advance V-T to V-X models.
  • Spark plug type:
    • DPR8EA-9 (NGK) or X24EPR-U9 (DENSO) – standard.
    • DPR9EA-9 (NGK) or X27EPR-U9 (DENSO) – high speed riding
    • Spark plug gap: 0.8 – 0.9 mm (30 – 40 thou)
  • Battery 12 Volt, 12 Ah
    • YB12A-B (12 Ah)
    • YB14-B2 (14 Ah) or CB14-B2 (14Ah)
    • (136Lx82Wx162H)? (136Lx91Wx168H)? (134L80Wx160H)?
  • Alternator output -
    • V-H & V-J models: 310 W at 5000 RPM
    • V-K to V-P models: 350 W at 5000 RPM
    • V-R to V-X models: 310 W at 5000 RPM
    • Regulator / Rectifier output: 13.5 to 15.5 Volts at 5000 RPM
  • Headlight bulb: 60 / 55 Watts (High / Low)
  • Sidelight: 4.0 Watts
  • Tail light bulb: 21 / 5 Watts (Brake / Tail light)
  • Speedo light: 1.7 Watts
  • High beam indicator: 1.7 Watts
  • Turn signal lights: 21 Watts
  • Turn signal indicator: 3.4 Watts x 2
  • Neutral indicator: 3.4 Watts
  • Oil pressure indicator: 1.7 Watts
  • Immobiliser (HISS) indicator: 3.4 Watts
  • Fuses:
    • Main: 30 Amp
    • 10 Amp x 3, 15 Amp x 1, UK models
    • 10 Amp x 4, 15 Amp x 2, German models

Torque Values

Unless specified all bolts should be tightened to the following torque values.

  • Standard Fasteners N-m (kgf-m, lbf-ft):

    • 5 mm Bolt and nut: 5 (0.5, 3.6)
    • 6 mm Bolt and nut: 10 (1, 7)
    • 8 mm Bolt and nut: 22 (2.2, 16)
    • 10 mm Bolt and nut: 34 (3.5, 25)
    • 12 mm Bolt and nut: 54 (5.5, 40)
    • 5 mm Screw: 4 (0.4, 2.9)
    • 6 mm Screw: 9 (0.9, 6.5)
    • 6 mm Flange bolt (8 mm Head: Small flange): 9 (0.9, 6.5)
    • 6 mm Flange bolt (8 mm Head: Large flange - engine only): 12 (1.2, 9)
    • 6 mm Flange bolt (10 mm Head) and nut: 12 (1.2, 9)
    • 8 mm Flange bolt and nut: 26 (2.7, 20)
    • 10 mm Flange bolt and nut: 39 (4.0, 29)
  • Engine N-m (kgf-m, lbf-ft):

    • Engine / transmission oil drain plug: 34 N-m
    • Engine / transmission oil filter: 9.8 N-m (1.0 kgf-m, 7 lbf-ft)
    • Rocker arm adjusting screw locknut: 23 N-m
    • Spark plugs: 14 N-m
    • Front sprocket retainer plate bolts: 10 N-m
  • Front Wheel / Brakes

    • Front axle shaft: 64 N-m (6.5 kgf-m, 47 lbf-ft)
    • Front axle holder nuts: 12 N-m (1.2 kgf-m, 9.0 lbf-ft)
    • Brake caliper mounting bolt: 33 N-m (3.4 kgf-m, 25 lbf-ft)
    • Brake caliper bleed valves: 6 N-m
    • Brake hose banjo bolts: 34 N-m
  • Rear Wheel

    • Rear axle nut: 95 N-m
    • Rear sprocket nuts: 45 N-m
  • Frame / Suspension

    • Front fork clamp bolts (bottom yoke): 33 N-m
    • Front fork clamp bolts (top yoke): 27 N-m
    • Front fork damper rod bolt: 20 N-m
    • Front fork top bolt: 23 N-m
    • Handlebar holder clamp bolts: 26 N-m
    • Shock absorber mounting bolts nuts: 44 N-m
    • Sidestand pivot bolt: 10 N-m
    • Sidestand pivot bolt nut: 40 N-m
    • Steering head bearing adjuster nut:
      • 4 to 6 N-m, V-H & V-J
      • 2.5 to 3.5 N-m, V-K to V-P
      • 5 N-m, V-R & V-X
    • Steering stem nut:
      • 100 N-m, V-H to V-P
      • 105 N-m, V-R to V-X
    • Swingarm pivot bolt nut: 110 N-m, all models

Definitions

RPM
Revolutions Per Minute
SOHC
Single OverHead Crankshaft
BTDC
Before Top Dead Center
ABDC
After Bottom Dead Center
BBDC
Before Bottom Dead Center
ATDC
After Top Dead Center
CDI
Capacitor Discharge Ignition

Sources